Kahne had a top speed of 190.456 mph (306.509 kph) on the 1.5-mile (2.4-kilometer) tri-oval on Friday to earn his 23rd career pole and first since joining Hendrick Motorsports.
Kyle Busch qualified second and will join Kahne on the front row for Sunday’s 400-mile (640-kilometer) race after a warm afternoon in the desert where 15 drivers eclipsed Matt Kenseth‘s record of 188.884 mph set in 2011.
Kevin Harvick will start third and Dale Earnhardt Jr. will be next to him.
It was the fourth straight year the track record was broken at Las Vegas Motor Speedway.
Kahne has bounced around during his Sprint Cup car career, managing to win 12 races despite his lack of a permanent home.
He signed with Hendrick Motorsports in 2010, but had to wait until this season to join the team because Mark Martin was under contract through 2011